What are the Common Causes of Blood in Urine?

Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells in the urine. It can happen due to several reasons, including infection, injury, or disease.

While most cases are benign and require medication, Hematuria can be a sign of a more severe problem. Therefore, anyone experiencing Hematuria should see a top urologist in Mumbai and determine the cause to get treatment accordingly.

6 causes of Hematuria 

Hematuria is a condition causing blood to be present in the urine. There are many potential causes of Hematuria, and it is essential to determine the cause for proper treatment.

Some common causes of Hematuria include:

Kidney stones 

Kidney stones are a common cause of Hematuria. It is because passing a kidney stone through the urinary tract can cause irritation and bleeding.

Stones can form due to too much calcium in the urine, the urine being too acidic or alkaline, or when there is insufficient water to dilute the urine. They can vary in size and range from a few millimeters to over two centimeters.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

Hematuria may not always be a sign of a UTI, but it is a common symptom. Therefore, if you experience Hematuria, visit any top urologist in Mumbai for diagnosis and treatment.

UTIs can impact any part of the urinary tract, from the bladder to the kidneys. They are most commonly caused by bacteria but can also be caused by viruses or other organisms. Symptoms of a UTI include painful and frequent urination combined with cloudy or bloody urine.

Enlarged Prostate

A small gland below the bladder surrounding the urethra is called the prostate. An enlarged prostate, often called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition in aged men.

As the prostate grows, it may press on the urethra and cause difficulty passing urine. It can lead to symptoms such as a weak stream, trouble starting to urinate, and a feeling of not emptying the bladder. In some cases, it can also cause Hematuria or blood in the urine.

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Cancer 

Hematuria can be caused by cancer cells spreading to the urinary tract. It can lead to pain, difficulty urinating, and bloody urine. In some cases, hematuria may be the first sign that someone has cancer.

Autoimmune disorders 

In patients with autoimmune disorders, the immune system attacks healthy tissue, causing damage to the kidneys. This damage can lead to the release of red blood cells into the urine.

While various autoimmune disorders can potentially cause Hematuria, some of the most common include lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Certain medications

A few of the most common medications that can cause Hematuria are aspirin, ibuprofen, and warfarin. These medications work by thinning the blood and can cause bleeding from the kidneys or bladder.

If you take any of these medications and notice blood in your urine, consult your doctor about whether to continue taking them.

How is Hematuria treated? 

Hematuria treatment depends on the underlying cause. For example, if an infection is causing bleeding, antibiotics may be prescribed. On the other hand, surgery may be necessary if a tumor or other growth is causing the bleeding. Similarly, in some cases, no specific treatment is required, and the condition resolves on its own.

Conclusion

Hematuria is a common problem caused by different issues. Thus, if you spot blood in your urine, it is vital to see any top urologist or the best nephrologist in Mumbai to determine the cause and start with its treatment.

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